Safety analysis -
Principles and practice in occupational safety.

Lars Harms-Ringdahl

Second edition
Taylor & Francis,
London, 2001 (in July)
ISBN 0-415-23655-Price: £ 70.00

320 pages
47 illustrations (42 line drawings and 5 photos)
56 tables 


The aim of this book is to show how safety analysis can be applied as a practical tool in occupational safety. The book describes a set of simple methods that can be applied in common workplaces. The methods are described step-by-step to show the reader how an analysis is practically performed. Examples are given to explain how the methods work, and what types of results can be achieved.

Safety analysis has usually three main elements: identification of hazards, assessments of the risks that arise, and the generation of measures that can increase the level of safety. A number of simple methods are described, such as Deviation Analysis, Energy Analysis and Job Safety Analysis, all of which address the situation in commonplace workplaces. For other applications, more technically oriented methods are described, such as Fault Tree Analysis, Event Tree Analysis and HAZOP.

The extended second edition of the book also describes several other methods and compares their features. Practical advice on how to perform an analysis, an account of cost-benefit considerations, and other useful background information are also given.


1 Accidents and safety
2 Features of systems and accidents
3 Safety analysis
4 Risk assessment
5 Energy Analysis
6 Job Safety Analysis
7 Deviation Analysis
8 Hazard and operability studies
9 Fault Tree Analysis


10 Analysis of safety function
11 Some further methods
12 Methodological overview
13 Safety analysis-planning and implementation
14 Theoretical aspects
15 Examples of safety analysis
16 Concluding remarks
17 References
18 Index

See also the more detailed list below

Some of the references in the book are available on the Internet, and collected at a special web page.


Detailed list of contents

1 Accidents and safety
1.1 The accident problem
1.2 Why analyse?
.3 On terminology

2 Features of systems and accidents
2.1 Elementary reliability theory
2.2 On human error
2.3 Systems and accidents

3 Safety analysis
3.1 What is safety analysis?
3.2 Safety analysis procedure
3.3 A short methodological overview

4 Risk assessment
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Quantitative assessments
4.3 Qualitative assessments
4.4 Direct risk assessment
4.5 Practical aspects of risk assessment

5 Energy Analysis
5.1 Principles
5.2 Energy Analysis procedure
5.3 Example

6 Job Safety Analysis
6.1 Principles
6.2 Job Safety Analysis procedure
6.3 Example

7 Deviation Analysis
7.1 Principles
7.2 On deviations
7.3 Deviation Analysis procedure
7.4. Examples
7.5 Accident investigation

8 Hazard and operability studies
8.1 Principles
8.2 HAZOP procedure
8.3 Example

9 Fault Tree Analysis
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Principles and symbols
9.3 Fault Tree Analysis procedure
9.4 More on Fault Tree Analysis
9.5 Example

10 Analysis of safety functions
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Safety in different sectors
10.3 Methods for analysis of barriers and safety
10.4 Safety Barrier Diagrams
10.5 Concept of safety function
10.6 Safety Function Analysis
10.7 Example of Safety Function Analysis

11 Some further methods
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Technically oriented methods
11.3 Human-oriented methods
11.4 Task analysis
11.5 Management oriented methods
11.6 Accident investigations
11.7 Coarse analyses

12 Methodological overview
12.1 Summary of methods
12.2 Comparison between methods
12.3 Other methodological aspects
12.4 On choice of methods

13 Safety analysis-planning and implementation
13.1 Strategy and planning
13.2 Aims and preparations
13.3 Analytical procedure
13.4 Information and analysis
13.5 Safety measures and decisions
13.6 Costs and benefits
13.7 Integrated approaches

14 Theoretical aspects
14.1 Introduction
14.2 On models and theories
14.3 Quality of safety analyses
14.4 Examining analytical procedure
14.5 Problems in risk assessment

15 Examples of safety analysis
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Analysis on design of a production system
15.3 Purchase of packaging equipment
15.4 Automatic materials handling system
15.5 Workplace for production of ceramic materials
15.6 Accident investigations
15.7 Overview analysis of a chemicals plant
15.8 Comparison of results from three methods
15.9 A quick analysis of a production line

16 Concluding remarks

17 References

18 Index

Updated 2004-03-16

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